Vehicle integrated photovoltaics: evaluation of the energy yield potential through monitoring and modelling
van den Tillaart, E.
Electric vehicles are destined to become the main form of people transport in the near future. They are noise and emission free with the potential to offer completely zero-emission use when the energy used to charge their batteries is generated from renewable resources. On-board PV, PV that is integrated into the body of the car is a novel solution to provide this clean energy at the point of the consumption. In this study the case of vehicle integrated photovoltaics or VIPV is examined to quantify what PV could produce to meet the energy requirements of electric vehicles. The potential is interpreted in terms of a reduced need for charging and increased independence from the grid, reduction in CO2 emissions and financial benefits. With the use of an Energy Flow Model to simulate the charge and discharge of the electric vehicle battery, we consider the impact of location, car specifications and charging strategy on the total contribution made by PV. In one case study 41% of the required energy is provided by PV, and in another 5617km/year are provided by the PV suggesting that, with the technology available today, PV can have a significant impact on electric transport.
To reference this document use:
Energy / Geological Survey Netherlands
WIP GmbH & Co Planungs-KG, Munich, Germany
37th EUPVSEC European PV Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, 7-11 September 2020, Lisbon, Portugal